It is hurtful and frightening to be the target of intimidation, and it can sometimes make you want to isolate yourself. Witnessing intimidation can also make you feel extremely embarrassed or uncomfortable. Even if it’s hard, remember that you are not alone and that there are ways to make this stop. To start with, make sure you are well informed in order to recognize all types of intimidation [19]. Intimidation in sports can also present itself in the form of sexual violence, whether as sexual harassment or sexual assault [1].
Intimidation is defined as: “Any and all behaviours, words, acts or gestures intended or not and repeated, that are directly or indirectly expressed, including in cyberspace, in a context where relationships of power between the concerned parties are unequal, and that aim at arousing feelings of distress and injury, hurt, oppression or exclusion. ” [M] (MEES)

Physical Intimidation

Verbal* Intimidation

Social* Intimidation

Material* Intimidation

    • To make someone fall
    • To bump into someone intentionally
    • To force someone to do something
    • To hit someone
    • To sexually assault someone
    • etc.
    • To make fun of, insult or ridicule someone
    • To threaten someone
    • To make sexist, homophobic, transphobic or racist comments
    • To make discriminatory comments based on age or other personal characteristics
    • To make sexually connoted comments
    • etc.
    • To spread rumours or lies about someone
    • To belittle or humiliate someone
    • To give someone a contemptuous or threatening look
    • To isolate or exclude someone
    • etc.
    • To destroy something
    • To vandalize something or a place
    • To take possession of someone else’s things (including, for example, private pictures in cyberspace)
    • etc.
*These can also occur through communication and information technologies like social networks, texts, blogs, websites, and so on.